Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

LMIA or Labour Market Impact Assessment is a document that is issued by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) which assesses the effect of hiring a foreign national in Canada.

    A positive LMIA signifies that there is no Canadian citizen to fill that position, so favors the hiring of a foreign national. A negative LMIA shows that the position should be filled by a permanent citizen or a Canadian citizen.

    To obtain an LMIA, applications are submitted by mail or in hard copy to the Service Canada Processing Centre. Furthermore, applicants need to ensure that the following criteria are met.

    Processing fee

    Transition Plan

    Business Legitimacy Documents

    Recruitment Efforts


    Workplace Safety

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